Bracco Corporate Social Responsibility

Glossary of terms used in this site

There are 24 entries in this glossary.
All B C D H I M P Q R S T
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Term Definition

Best available techniques (BAT) The most effective and advanced stage in the development of activities and their methods of operation which indicate the practical suitability of particular techniques for providing in principle the basis for emission limit values designed to prevent and, where that is not practicable, generally to reduce emissions and the impact on the environment as a whole. Each of the words is defined as follows: - best: indicates the most effective techniques in achieving a high general level of protection of the environment as a whole. - available: indicates techniques developed on a scale which allow implementation in the relevant industrial sector, under economically and technically viable conditions, taking into consideration the costs and advantages, whether or not the techniques are used or produced inside the Member State in question, as long as they are reasonably accessible to the operator; - techniques: indicates both the technology used and the way in which the installation is designed, built, maintained, operated and decommissioned;

BS OHSAS 18001

Standard britannico utilizzato a livello internazionale per un sistema di gestione della Sicurezza e della Salute dei Lavoratori. L'acronimo OHSAS significa "Occupational Health and Safety Assessment Series".


Volatile Inorganic Compound. Any inorganic substance of natural or anthropic origin present as vapour or gas in the air. VICs are produced by industrial activities and processes, domestic and industrial heating.


[Chemical Oxygen Demand] Quantity of oxygen consumed through chemical oxidation by a water sample contaminated with organic substances (whether biodegradable or not) or inorganic substances, under specific temperature and time conditions (Società Italiana di Ecologia, Ecologia applicata, Milano, CittàStudi Edizioni, 1993).


[Volatile Organic Compounds] Any organic compound that has a vapour pressure of 0.01 kPa or more at 293,15 K, or that has a corresponding degree of volatility under particular operating conditions. For the purposes of this directive, the fraction of creosote that exceeds the value indicated for vapour pressure at the temperature of 293.15 K is considered a VOC (Directive no. 1999/13/EC of 11 March 1999, art. 2, paragraph 17).


Document that describes the risks present in the environment during the course of activities regulated by the tender or works contract that appear alongside or aggravate the risks caused by the plants, equipment or activities already present in the area where the work is to be done.


(HAZard and OPerability analysis) Method of analysing an existing or planned process and applied to identify, examine and assess potential risks for the staff or materials associated with the operation of a plant.


Acronym for Health Safety and Environment, company department responsible for handling health, safety and environmental issues.

Indice di frequenza

The number of accidents involving an absence from work of more than 3 days per million hours worked.

Indice di gravità

The severity index is the number of days lost due to injuries entailing a disability of over 3 days per thousand hours worked.


(International Organisation for Standardisation) A non-governmental organization of the national standardization institutes of 156 countries, each of which is represented by a member. Its mission is to harmonize the standards on an international level so as to favour mutual exchanges (ISO site).

ISO 14001

This standard lays down the requirements for an environmental management system that enables an organization to develop and implement a policy and set targets that take account of the legal specifications and other provisions that the organization signs and information on significant environmental aspects. It is applicable to the environmental aspects that the organization identifies as those that it can keep under control and those on which it may have an influence (UNI EN ISO 14001:2004).

ISO 9001

This standard lays down the requirements for a quality management system model for all organizations, irrespective of their type and size and the products supplied. It may be used for internal, contractual and certification purposes (UNI EN ISO 9001:2008).


The Mud (Unified Environmental Declaration Form) is a form used to communicate the amounts of waste produced by the economic activities and transported, disposed of or recovered during the previous year to the declaration.

Politica ambientale

Overall intentions and guidelines of an organization with regard to its environmental performance as expressly formally by top management. The Environmental policy provides a reference framework for carrying out the activities and setting environmental objectives and targets (UNI EN ISO 14001:2004).

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